How to arrange flowers like a pro

(Photo Credit: Alice Achterhof)

(Photo Credit: Alice Achterhof)

Fresh flowers can bring life to your home. With so many varieties available, and a little practice, it isn’t too difficult to pull off one-of-a-kind fragrant pieces that suit your own style. Here are a few tips and tricks for finding the right flowers and for preparing, arranging and caring for them.

Shopping for flowers

Your best bet for buying flowers is to find a local source. Otherwise, if you live in a city with a floral district, be sure to check it out for a variety of inspiring, fresh-cut, wholesale flowers and greenery. Another option is to try discount superstores such as Sam’s Club or Costco for inexpensive flowers. They usually have a good selection at reasonable prices. Choose both large and small flowers in various shapes, textures, and lengths. Consider also picking some flower fillers, such as baby’s breath or other assorted greenery.

Preparing your flowers

Once you have chosen your flowers, put the stems in lukewarm water mixed with a floral preservative (flower food) as soon as you get home. This preservative typically comes with your chosen bouquets. It will help reduce bacteria, keeping your flowers healthy. You can also make your own flower food with a tablespoon of sugar, a tablespoon of white vinegar, and a quart of water. Another recipe for flower food calls for mixing equal portions of a citrus soda, like 7-Up or Sprite, with water.

Carefully remove all the wrapping and cut off the rubber bands. Using a sharp pair of flower shears, make a fresh cut and trim about an inch off the bottom of the stems. Try to cut the stems at a 45-degree angle to help prolong their lives. Leaving them in lukewarm water will help the flowers absorb the water better. If you can, leave them in the water for a couple of days before you start arranging them.

(Photo Credit: Alexandra Seinet)

(Photo Credit: Alexandra Seinet)

Arranging your flowers

Before you arrange the flowers, make sure you are seated with the arrangement at eye level. This way, you are at a good angle for creating an even arrangement. If you are dealing with flowers that have thorns or sharp edges, consider wearing rubber or garden gloves. You can remove thorns with a sharp knife at an angle or clippers at the base of the thorn. Next, make another fresh 45-degree angle cut before you put the flowers in your arrangement, and trim any leaves that will be submerged in water. Leaves that stay in water have a tendency to rot, contaminating the water and allowing the flowers to die quicker.

Start your arrangement with floral foam or a flower frog to keep the stems in place and stabilized. Flower frogs come in handy when your container is shallow or low. They can also help keep the stems away from the edges of the container so they don’t scratch your vase or pottery. If you don’t have a flower frog, you can use chicken wire or floral tape in a crisscross grid pattern. If you use foam, make sure you water the arrangement every couple of days.

Consider whether to build your bouquet vertically or horizontally, depending on what flowers you have and where the bouquet will be placed. For horizontal arrangements, use a shallow vase or container. You should also think about the shape of your arrangement (oval, triangle, etc.). For vertical arrangements, make sure the flowers are at least 1.5 times the height of the vase or container. Large-scale arrangements can have an interesting effect, but make sure they are proportional to your container.

Start by placing the large flowers towards the center and the small flowers in the outer areas. For a symmetrical arrangement, cut the stems gradually shorter as you work away from the center. You can fill in your arrangement with foliage, extra stems, or leaves, depending on the season. Several low-cost varieties of flower fillers are available. As you build, take a step back every once in a while to make sure no empty spots or holes need to be filled. For narrow, tall arrangements, use a rubber band to hold the stems together and keep the bouquet in place.

Maintaining the arrangement

Keep the flowers away from direct sunlight or any other sources of heat. You should also keep them away from drafty or breezy areas. You can re-cut the stems and change the water often, even daily. Make sure you remove debris from the water and remove any wilted flowers to avoid contamination. Don’t forget to replenish your flower food when you change the water. You can trim the stems every three days.

As you begin arranging, keep it simple. Practice makes perfect. If you feel overwhelmed, sometimes choosing several small containers and grouping them together can make a beautiful arrangement as well. Pick three of the same containers and place them in a row, or choose three containers with similar widths and differing heights. Groupings in odd numbers look best.

Source: Blog

Dinah Wulf is a DIY expert, who runs a successful home décor, crafting and DIY blog that has been recognized by, Circle of Moms, and Mashable. She holds a Masters of Arts in Speech Communications from California State University Fullerton. This article originally appeared on

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